The Absence of Pentecost in the Book of Mormon

30 November

34 AD

Book of Mormon Nephites praying3 Nephi 19:9; “And they did pray for that which they most desired; and they desired that the Holy Ghost should be given unto them.”

BC 559 – 545

2 Nephi 31:13-14; “Wherefore, my beloved brethren, I know that if ye shall follow the Son, with full purpose of heart, acting no hypocrisy and no deception before God, but with real intent, repenting of your sins, witnessing unto the Father that ye are willing to take upon you the name of Christ, by baptism—yea, by following your Lord and your Savior down into the water, according to his word, behold, then shall ye receive the Holy Ghost; yea, then cometh the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost; and then can ye speak with the tongue of angels, and shout praises unto the Holy One of Israel. 14 But, behold, my beloved brethren, thus came the voice of the Son unto me, saying: After ye have repented of your sins, and witnessed unto the Father that ye are willing to keep my commandments, by the baptism of water, and have received the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost, and can speak with a new tongue, yea, even with the tongue of angels, and after this should deny me, it would have been better for you that ye had not known me.”

Acts 2:4; “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”

Why did the Nephites have to keep praying for the Holy Ghost’s arrival? Wouldn’t this have already happened the first time they prayed?

Moreover, why weren’t they observing Pentecost, or for that matter, Passover?

Foregoing the fact that God’s Holy  Spirit didn’t arrive globally until the day of Pentecost circa 33 AD, the narrative in the BoM is filled with one problem after another.

It’s evident Joe Smith was ignorant of how God’s Holy Spirit worked, and ignorant of historical events taking place in Jerusalem during the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). The rich tradition of observing God’s commandments included being present at the Feast of Weeks which occurred 50 days after Passover.

This is also important because Pentecost in the OT marks the time God gave the Israelites the 10 Commandments. It was 50 days after Passover, the time when God liberated the Israelites from their Egyptian captors.

Note: the image above comes from the Book of Mormon Stories Manual for 3 Nephi 19

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